Ruby 2.6.0-rc1 Released

We are pleased to announce the release of Ruby 2.6.0-rc1.

Ruby 2.6.0-rc1 is the first release candidate of Ruby 2.6.0. It introduces some new features and performance improvements, for example:

JIT

Ruby 2.6 introduces an initial implementation of JIT (Just-in-time) compiler.

JIT compiler aims to improve performance of any Ruby program execution. Unlike ordinary JIT compilers for other languages, Ruby’s JIT compiler does JIT compilation in a unique way, which prints C code to a disk and spawns common C compiler process to generate native code. See also: MJIT organization by Vladimir Makarov.

How to use: Just specify --jit in command line or $RUBYOPT environment variable. Specifying --jit-verbose=1 allows to print basic information of ongoing JIT compilation. See ruby --help for other options.

The main purpose of this JIT release is to provide a chance to check if it works for your platform and to find out security risks before the 2.6 release. JIT compiler is supported when Ruby is built by GCC, Clang, or Microsoft VC++, which needs to be available on runtime. Otherwise you can’t use it for now.

As of Ruby 2.6.0-rc1, we achieved 1.7x faster performance than Ruby 2.5 on CPU-intensive non-trivial benchmark workload called Optcarrot https://gist.github.com/k0kubun/d7f54d96f8e501bbbc78b927640f4208. We’re going to improve the performance on memory-intensive workload like Rails application as well.

Stay tuned for the new age of Ruby’s performance.

RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree [Experimental]

Ruby 2.6 introduces RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree module.

This module has parse method which parses a given ruby code of string and returns AST (Abstract Syntax Tree) nodes, and parse_file method which parses a given ruby code file and returns AST nodes. RubyVM::AbstractSyntaxTree::Node class is also introduced. You can get location information and children nodes from Node objects. This feature is experimental. Compatibility of the structure of AST nodes are not guaranteed.

New Features

  • Add a new alias then to Kernel#yield_self. [Feature #14594]

  • else without rescue now causes a syntax error. [EXPERIMENTAL]

  • constant names may start with a non-ASCII capital letter. [Feature #13770]

  • endless range [Feature #12912]

    An endless range, (1..), is introduced. It works as it has no end. This shows typical use cases:

    ary[1..]                          # identical to ary[1..-1] without magical -1
    (1..).each {|index| ... }         # inifinite loop from index 1
    ary.zip(1..) {|elem, index| ... } # ary.each.with_index(1) { ... }
    
  • Add Binding#source_location. [Feature #14230]

    This method returns the source location of binding, a 2-element array of __FILE__ and __LINE__. Traditionally, the same information could be retrieved by eval("[__FILE__, __LINE__]", binding), but we are planning to change this behavior so that Kernel#eval ignores binding’s source location [Bug #4352]. So, users should use this newly-introduced method instead of Kernel#eval.

  • Add :exception option to let Kernel#system raise error instead of returning false. [Feature #14386]

  • add the oneshot mode [Feature#15022]
    • This mode checks “whether each line was executed at least once or not”, instead of “how many times each line was executed”. A hook for each line is fired at most once, and after it is fired the hook flag is removed, i.e., it runs with zero overhead.
    • Add :oneshot_lines keyword argument to Coverage.start.
    • Add :stop and :clear keyword arguments to Coverage.result. If clear is true, it clears the counters to zero. If stop is true, it disables coverage measurement.
    • Coverage.line_stub, which is a simple helper function that creates the “stub” of line coverage from a given source code.
  • FileUtils#cp_lr. [Feature #4189]

Performance improvements

  • Speedup Proc#call because we don’t need to care about $SAFE any more. [Feature #14318]

    With lc_fizzbuzz benchmark which uses Proc#call so many times we can measure x1.4 improvements [Bug #10212].

  • Speedup block.call where block is passed block parameter. [Feature #14330]

    Ruby 2.5 improves block passing performance. [Feature #14045] Additionally, Ruby 2.6 improves the performance of passed block calling. With micro-benchmark we can observe x2.6 improvement.

  • Transient Heap (theap) is introduced. [Bug #14858] [Feature #14989] theap is managed heap for short-living memory objects which are pointed by specific classes (Array, Hash, Object, and Struct). For example, making small and short-living Hash object is x2 faster. With rdoc benchmark, we observed 6-7% performance improvement.

Other notable changes since 2.5

  • $SAFE is a process global state and we can set 0 again. [Feature #14250]

  • Passing safe_level to ERB.new is deprecated. trim_mode and eoutvar arguments are changed to keyword arguments. [Feature #14256]

  • Supported Unicode version is updated to 11. It is planed to update 12 and 12.1 in future TEENY releases of Ruby 2.6.

  • Merge RubyGems 3.0.0.beta3. --ri and --rdoc options was removed. Please use --document and --no-document options instead of them.

  • Merge Bundler as Default gems.

See NEWS or commit logs for details.

With those changes, 6376 files changed, 227364 insertions(+), 51599 deletions(-) since Ruby 2.5.0!

Enjoy programming with Ruby 2.6.0-rc1!

Download

  • https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.0-rc1.tar.gz

    SIZE:   16823448 bytes
    SHA1:   889db7731fd43f6dbf7f31ffdb0a29bba1a8d356
    SHA256: 6d6183639ed9c02320d7132e97c65489a39e24d8b55fc4ed35ac53d1189cb61d
    SHA512: ad101adee5c43f3645561e73970f15d4e9141f707da69a92e224575c665949e18ca53389e5315fca2ea393 4d77967a59e304353cde4a915537e7c4e4ee20be73
    
  • https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.0-rc1.zip

    SIZE:   20737499 bytes
    SHA1:   457e39aee1978da5e42af42a6ad230421544aa07
    SHA256: 2bcdf468de499e4d6983d60d63dcc883f4c54fdc05a08a54eb93d315477bc4cc
    SHA512: 0842fae8a199f6c1e76f5d775edbf468e18a54f0419324eb73595e0268c728c71733371d71dc2fa342105dbc487987ca5556948a9ef067276a7b5f552462802a
    
  • https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.0-rc1.tar.bz2

    SIZE:   14607078 bytes
    SHA1:   269fe9d414d7731e4a63959fadffe5c50c08ce0e
    SHA256: b4e9c0e8801946e9f0baba30948955f4341e9e04f363c206b7bd774208053eb5
    SHA512: cbd6281b2aab6fbce3f699c1ab57e5423304dca7a547a0b3cd4e8e980326dc7b85b2ca2bfaf3f3a648d40f4222fdf1740d81d422790ee7ae1ba1ed33eb11e3e8
    
  • https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.0-rc1.tar.xz

    SIZE:   11851908 bytes
    SHA1:   3b93fdf1c5bd969ab4fe0a8176a6cf64e4597e6e
    SHA256: 21d9d54c20e45ccacecf8bea4dfccd05edc52479c776381ae98ef6a7b4afa739
    SHA512: 3d93d8d80e4900e8b3a27f904ed60581cebc6c55f4ab7acafc81e95001f92f3ea4ddec2da6169b1ed5e0146f7b7c35c1c13b3243955d5825c72170834fe933f3